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Доклад Ю.А. Бедаш на конференции «Simone de Beauvoir: Philosophy, Literature and The Humanities»

С 20 по 23 июня старший преподаватель кафедры наук  о культуре приняла участие в 20-й Международной конференции общества Симоны де Бовуар «Simone de Beauvoir: Philosophy, Literature and The Humanities» (г. Осло, Норвегия), выступив с докладом «The Second Sex» as the Experience of Revaluation of Values.

Информация о конференции: http://www.hf.uio.no/ifikk/forskning/aktuelt/arrangementer/konferanser/2012/beauvoir.html.

Аннотация доклада:

A camel, a lion, a child …. The metaphor of three metamorphoses of the human spirit, used by F. Nietzsche in «Thus Spoke Zarathustra», ironically became a kind of intellectual matrix for the «Second Sex» of Simone de Beauvoir – one of the most significant feminist texts in the 20th century philosophy.  In the manner of Nietzsche, de Beauvoir reveals the genesis of values, establishment of which legitimated the subordinate position of women in the society.

Finding out the historical roots of existentially defective "condition" of woman, where there is no place for the free choice (i.e. for the possibility to "be yourself"), the author of the «Second Sex» shows that notions of "bad" and "good" as well as “masculine” and “feminine” are determined by the hegemonic relations and came into being in the “struggle for recognition” in which woman did not take part at all. Being the object of power for a long time, she could not even pretend to the role of subject capable to turn the course of history.

Showing contingent, situational and dynamic character of values in general and patriarchal values in particular, Simone de Beauvoir points out to the valid reasons for the critique and revaluation of them. Process that was later coined by Julia Kristeva as the
«feminization of values» can be considered as a multistage movement-to-freedom: from the stage of heterogeneous morality (which was represented by Nietzsche in the figure of a camel) through the stage of nihilism (a lion) to the stage of independent self-definition and creation of new values (a child). This way to freedom, ably described by S. de Beauvoir in the “Second Sex”, is possible only through the recognition of woman as the author of her own biography.

 In my presentation I will try to show the heuristic potential of  Simone de Beauvoir’s egalitarian feminism for the contemporary ethics by the comparative analysis of her ideas with the positions of Carol Gilligan and Axel Honneth.