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Deputy Head — Rouslan Khestanov
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In the 1970s and 80s, Soviet sociology published a great deal about women's empowerment in the USSR. Researchers emphasized two sides of this phenomenon: on one hand the achievements of the state in equalizing the rights of women with those of men, along with the high levels of women's employment and participation in public life, and on the other hand the ensuing "double burden," resulting from the need to combine a career with the "traditional" duties of a spouse, mother and housewife
The study explores the so-called ‘Kyrgyz clinics’ and their place in the migrant infrastructure of Moscow, Russia. We focus on the unique status of these clinics specifically aimed at and tailored for the migrants’ medical and psychosocial needs. We have found that the role of Kyrgyz clinics is not limited to the provision of affordable medical services. It is a milieu where the migrant patients come with their problems to migrant doctors, and where they can use their native language and cultural code to talk about their health problems. In particular, Kyrgyz doctors at such clinics play the role of intermediaries between migrants and other medical institutions of Moscow, as migrants often lack information about budget healthcare services in Moscow. We also briefly outline how migrants use informal strategies and networks to overcome the barriers to receiving medical care.
This article explores the impact of social and spatial structure of Moscow on the patterns of settlement of labour migrants. It emphasizes the ways in which the structure of post-Soviet urban environment differs from the European and U.S. ones, and uses interviews with guest workers from Central Asia to map out the barriers encountered today by migrants looking for housing, as well as the strategies they employ in their search for accommodation in Moscow. Special attention is paid to the role played by ethnic networks in the lives of migrant workers, and the ways in which these networks are configured by the urban space. The article demonstrates how the absence of spatial segregation in the post-Soviet city, inherited from the Soviet period, affects the trajectories of social and economic integration of migrants and explains the absence of ‘ethnic areas’ in today’s Moscow.
This is the feature review article, focused on the new books on representation of the Holocaust (the Shoa), published in Israel, France, and the USA in 2013-2014. It is supposed that the new academic paradigm is emerging now, caused by inclusion of the Eastern European literature (fiction, poetry, essays) on Holocaust into the context of Western Holocaust literature. The methods of research and interpretation of post-traumatic literary works are also discussed; one of the most difficult issues here is contextualization of such works within diverse cultural and literary movements of a period.
"Shakespeare est toujours vivant": objectifs et mécanismes de la formation du culte de la littérature "classique" en URSS dans les années 1930
Alchemical themes in one form or another have penetrated into various aspects of modern life. In our paper we will focus on modern music, taking for example the work of the famous Russian group "Orgy of righteous" and its leader Sergey Kalugin. Kalugin himself was personally acquainted with Evgeny Golovin and has undergone considerable influence of Golovin’s circle and creatively transformed these influences. The stages of his poetic and musical activities Kalugin divides in alchemical manner: first initial stage – Nigredo; second, lasting until now – Albedo. Alchemical motifs are richly represented in many songs of the group both indirectly (for example, "Path of the Crow"), and directly (for example, "Royal wedding", which is a musical variation of "Chemical wedding..." by J. Andrea). The paper suggests an analysis of the lyrics and the ideological background of the songs
The paper deals with the history of the “sociology of the occult”. It examines main stages of its development exemplifi ed by works of C. Campbell, E. Tiryakian, M. Truzzi, J. Webb. The latest expression of ideas of this school is the theory of occulture proposed by the British religious scholar and researcher of culture C. Partridge. Partridge has combined the achievements of sociology of the occult with modern theories related to the study of Western esotericism. His concept of occulture aims at the identification of traces of Western esotericism in modern popular culture. This paper shows the heuristic value of the theory of occulture and analyses main forms of occulture developed under the infl uence of Eastern doctrines and Christian demonology. Partridge’s theory fi ts into the general context of research into Western esotericism and is related to the conception of W. Hanegraaff . In conclusion, the theory of occulture is correlated with the four main approaches to the study of Western esotericism.
The article problematizes the relationship between music, nature and culture in the heterogeneous discourse of therapeutic effects of music and in critical theory of music by Adorno. To determine the nature of this relationship, the article refers to conceptual metaphors and ontological intuitions of actor-network theory (ANT). Using ANT, the article articulates the concept of “hybrid discourse” that differs from the related concepts of social semiotics and postcolonial theory. This concept is in lesser degree used to describe a local communicative practices that mixes different languages, sociolects, ethnolects and functional styles of speech, and in higher degree used to describe a discursive constructions revealing the symptoms of hybrid activity on the borders of nature and culture. The article analyses the discursive practices of the New Age movement that invokes music — from theosophy in the late XIX century to modern esoteric-therapeutic narratives. In these discursive practices, we find the significant combination of pseudo-religious reenchantment of the world and its radical nihilistic “demusicalization” (in the terminology of Leo Spitzer). In the hybrid esoteric discourses modern socio-acoustic texture of nature–culture is neutralized in favor of transcendent reality of unhuman. In the Adorno’s critical theory ontological dualities are synthesized into the ideological totality of culture industry. Only in the early vanguard of the Second Viennese School Adorno discovers the ghostly possibility of an exit from culture industry and achieving the true nature of music and non-alienated sociality.
Rewien on Aleshin D. Aziatskaja odisseja. Izdatel'stvo knizhnogo magazina Ciolkovskij, 2017
The article concerns R. Wollheim’s theory of twofoldness, the one of the most acclaimed analytical theories of pictorial representation. Wohhleim has pointed to the structural distinction of seeing pictures from seeing objects and situations face-to-face, thus proposing the theory of seeing-in and twofoldness. This conception presupposes the split, simultaneous seeing of the picture’s object and material surface. Considering the basic influences, features and shortcomings of Wollheim’s theory, author specifies the question of to what extent the scope of this theory is limited to artistic pictures. Alongside with this theory’s reconstruction and critique, the article provides its interpretation based on spatially-oriented definitions of twofoldness (B. Nanay, J. Kulvicki) coupled with the actualization of the distinction between representational content of a picture and its figurative content. The first one includes all spatial relations that can be seen in it, the second one – all that can be seen in it and described by non-abstract concepts. Wollheim reframed to apply this distinction to his notion on twofoldness. But it gives the possibility to bring out the convincing definition of twofoldness as the simultaneous visual experience of pictorial surface (i.e., some material object in viewer’s egocentric space) and of representational content (i.e., semantically active spatial relations which one sees in the picture). This interpretation may be considered a useful instrument for non-reductionist description of pictorial experience and pictures’ ontological duality, hence it is devoid of Wollheim’s psychologism while maintaining his focus on visuality. Moreover, it provides some opportunities for applying Wollheim’s theory beyond the contexts of analytical philosophy of pictures, thus connecting it to the problems of phenomenological and hermeneutic theories of image.
Review on Stuckrad K. von. The Scientification of Religion: An Historical Study of Discursive Change, 1800–2000. Boston, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014