School Head — Vitaly Kurennoy
Deputy Head — Rouslan Khestanov
Moscow, Staraya Basmannaya st., 21/4
tel.: +7 (495) 772-95-90 *22283
In the 1970s and 80s, Soviet sociology published a great deal about women's empowerment in the USSR. Researchers emphasized two sides of this phenomenon: on one hand the achievements of the state in equalizing the rights of women with those of men, along with the high levels of women's employment and participation in public life, and on the other hand the ensuing "double burden," resulting from the need to combine a career with the "traditional" duties of a spouse, mother and housewife
The main goal of the article is to outline the notion of the materiality analysis, missing in hermeneutical image theory of Hans-Georg Gadamer. The necessity of such an analysis springs from Gadamer’s thesis that image is not just an artifact representing reality but a most authentic mode of appearance of reality itself allowing us to experience it as a meaningful whole. As a result, such a transformative power of the image raises a question about status and functions of materiality within pictorial experience. In the article is outlined and defended the notion of iconic materiality, i.e. of dynamics and manifold functions of material structures in the perception of pictures and images.
Sexuality is not possible without phantasm, phantasm is not possible without the imaginaries maintained by private property. Private property resides in surplus economy.
Surplus economy is libidinal. The question would then be: how much could sexuality cost? Or does sexuality vanish if the economy stops to be libidinal?
The study explores the so-called ‘Kyrgyz clinics’ and their place in the migrant infrastructure of Moscow, Russia. We focus on the unique status of these clinics specifically aimed at and tailored for the migrants’ medical and psychosocial needs. We have found that the role of Kyrgyz clinics is not limited to the provision of affordable medical services. It is a milieu where the migrant patients come with their problems to migrant doctors, and where they can use their native language and cultural code to talk about their health problems. In particular, Kyrgyz doctors at such clinics play the role of intermediaries between migrants and other medical institutions of Moscow, as migrants often lack information about budget healthcare services in Moscow. We also briefly outline how migrants use informal strategies and networks to overcome the barriers to receiving medical care.
This article explores the impact of social and spatial structure of Moscow on the patterns of settlement of labour migrants. It emphasizes the ways in which the structure of post-Soviet urban environment differs from the European and U.S. ones, and uses interviews with guest workers from Central Asia to map out the barriers encountered today by migrants looking for housing, as well as the strategies they employ in their search for accommodation in Moscow. Special attention is paid to the role played by ethnic networks in the lives of migrant workers, and the ways in which these networks are configured by the urban space. The article demonstrates how the absence of spatial segregation in the post-Soviet city, inherited from the Soviet period, affects the trajectories of social and economic integration of migrants and explains the absence of ‘ethnic areas’ in today’s Moscow.
Interview with Podoroga on the history and stage of the Soviet Marxism
The paper is focused on the possibility of introduction of «post-photography» (identified often as digital photography) as visual images of a new type that testify appearance, development, and functioning of network communities. It is supposed that postphotography understood as a set of special communicating processes becomes a new perspective for social (cultural) anthropology which aims at studying the new type of social connectedness.
In his “Difference and Repetition” Deleuze reveals an aporia: repetition is singular, solitary, it is torn away from any original or source; nevertheless it preserves a genetic tie with certain event to which it is a repetition. This solitariness of the repetition is not however confined to mere difference between the act of repetition and the repeated source that cancels the original just to differentiate two performative procedures. An act of repetition is solitary only when it evolves in specific time-regime, which even ontically diverges from the regular ontology of time. Deleuze calls such temporality “empty”, Nietzsche defines it as amor fati, Heidegger sees in it convergence of eternity and an instant. The stake in this case is a specific kind of repetitive regime which unfolds as the performative syndrome of ‘dying’ – a “repetition into death” (Deleuze) which paradoxically executes itself as performative plenitude. But who is the Subject undergoing such a syndrome and what should have happened to her/him so as to impose the regime of dying on any act of repetition?
This is the feature review article, focused on the new books on representation of the Holocaust (the Shoa), published in Israel, France, and the USA in 2013-2014. It is supposed that the new academic paradigm is emerging now, caused by inclusion of the Eastern European literature (fiction, poetry, essays) on Holocaust into the context of Western Holocaust literature. The methods of research and interpretation of post-traumatic literary works are also discussed; one of the most difficult issues here is contextualization of such works within diverse cultural and literary movements of a period.
"Shakespeare est toujours vivant": objectifs et mécanismes de la formation du culte de la littérature "classique" en URSS dans les années 1930
Alchemical themes in one form or another have penetrated into various aspects of modern life. In our paper we will focus on modern music, taking for example the work of the famous Russian group "Orgy of righteous" and its leader Sergey Kalugin. Kalugin himself was personally acquainted with Evgeny Golovin and has undergone considerable influence of Golovin’s circle and creatively transformed these influences. The stages of his poetic and musical activities Kalugin divides in alchemical manner: first initial stage – Nigredo; second, lasting until now – Albedo. Alchemical motifs are richly represented in many songs of the group both indirectly (for example, "Path of the Crow"), and directly (for example, "Royal wedding", which is a musical variation of "Chemical wedding..." by J. Andrea). The paper suggests an analysis of the lyrics and the ideological background of the songs
The paper deals with the history of the “sociology of the occult”. It examines main stages of its development exemplifi ed by works of C. Campbell, E. Tiryakian, M. Truzzi, J. Webb. The latest expression of ideas of this school is the theory of occulture proposed by the British religious scholar and researcher of culture C. Partridge. Partridge has combined the achievements of sociology of the occult with modern theories related to the study of Western esotericism. His concept of occulture aims at the identification of traces of Western esotericism in modern popular culture. This paper shows the heuristic value of the theory of occulture and analyses main forms of occulture developed under the infl uence of Eastern doctrines and Christian demonology. Partridge’s theory fi ts into the general context of research into Western esotericism and is related to the conception of W. Hanegraaff . In conclusion, the theory of occulture is correlated with the four main approaches to the study of Western esotericism.